Hate Crime Data Collection Guidelines And Training Manual
Law Enforcement Support Section (LESS) Crime Statistics Management Unit (CSMU) (2015)
Paper’s reference in the IEEE style?
How did you find the paper?
If applicable, write a list of the search terms you used.
- Hate crime definition
Was the paper peer reviewed? Explain how you found out.
This is a training manual written by the FBI and is likely reviewed in internally by FBI experts
Does the author(s) work in a university or a government-funded research institute? If so, which university or research institute? If not, where do they work?
The departments which authored the report, Law Enforcement Support Section (LESS) Crime Statistics Management Unit (CSMU).
The specific authors are not identified.
What does this tell you about their expertise? Are they an expert in the topic area?
The authors are most likely experts in the definition, collection and reporting of crimes and criminal activity.
What was the paper about?
The paper is a training handbook prepared by the FBI to assist law enforcement agencies in establishing an updated hate crime training program so their personnel can collect and submit hate crime data to the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting program.
The paper aims, in addition to providing training aids, is intended to assist with raising law enforcement officers' awareness of hate crime problems.
In his work entitled, Taking Rights Seriously, Ronald Dworkin, Ph.D., stated that “justice as fairness rests on the assumption of a natural right of all men and women to equality of concern and respect, a right they possess not by virtue of birth or characteristics or merit or excellence, but simply as human beings.” Dr. Dworkin’s words reflect the Constitutional protections that are guaranteed to all Americans. And yet, there are those who are victimized, sometimes subtly and other times very overtly, for no reason other than the color of their skin, the religion they profess, the heritage of their parents, the disability they possess, their sexual orientation, their gender, or their gender identity. Not only is the individual who is personally touched by these offenses victimized, but the entire class of individuals residing in the community is affected
If applicable, is this paper similar to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?
This paper was similar to various others on hate crime including:
If applicable, is this paper different to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?
What do these similarities and differences suggest? What are your observations? Do you have any new ideas? Do you have any conclusions?
The FBI paper was researched in order to identify a canonical definition of what constitutes a hate crime and to attain a better understanding of the various activities covered.
This question is to be answered after your critical analysis is completed. Which sections (if any) of your critical analysis was this paper cited in?