Here’s how radical groups like Islamic State use social media to attract recruits
Paper’s reference in the IEEE style?
S. Schumann, “Here’s how radical groups like Islamic State use social media to attract recruits,” The Conversation. [Online]. Available: http://theconversation.com/heres-how-radical-groups-like-islamic-state-use-social-media-to-attract-recruits-58014. [Accessed: 10-Mar-2017].
How did you find the paper?
If applicable, write a list of the search terms you used.
- social media extremist groups
Was the paper peer reviewed? Explain how you found out.
No this is a news article
Does the author(s) work in a university or a government-funded research institute? If so, which university or research institute? If not, where do they work?
The author is a post-doctoral Researcher in Social Psychology, University of Oxford
What does this tell you about their expertise? Are they an expert in the topic area?
The authors bio state that she "investigate how the Internet influences processes of social change, equality, and conflict resolution."
The author appears experienced in the subject
What was the paper about?
The article is about he use of social media by groups such as supporters of the Islamic state to build their following. As an example, one group used the #blacklivesmatter hash-tag to appeal to African Americans.
Social media was also key in mobilising supporters from the Arab Spring uprisings in Egypt.
In 2015 supporters of the Islamic state produced 1,000 videos, 15,000 photos and 20 magazines. And from September to December 2014, more than 46,000 twitter accounts were used by its supporters.
Social media is largely free, difficult to censor and young people trust the information. “halo effect”: when you make an overall positive judgement of a person or product, based on one specific positive characteristic.
Propaganda is most effective when it is emotionally involving.
Extremist groups include well-curated multi media and video games simulating followers fighting the enemy. This can build expectations of how a followers life should be lived and ultimately encourage them to join the groups.
Opinions become more extreme if we only interact with others who endorse our point of view. But this process – known as group or attitude polarisation – can be prevented.
Sharing diverse perspectives on topics such as identity, religion, and violence with people who are immersed in the one-sided messages of radical groups, can prevent opinions from shifting to more extreme positions.
If applicable, is this paper similar to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?
Not similar to other papers
If applicable, is this paper different to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?
This is the first article reviewed which discusses the use of social media by radical groups.
What do these similarities and differences suggest? What are your observations? Do you have any new ideas? Do you have any conclusions?
This question is to be answered after your critical analysis is completed. Which sections (if any) of your critical analysis was this paper cited in?