It intentionally manipulated users’ emotions without their knowledge.
Katy Waldman (28 June 2014)
Paper’s reference in the IEEE style?
K. Waldman and L. Wagner, “Facebook’s Unethical Experiment,” Slate, 28-Jun-2014.
How did you find the paper?
If applicable, write a list of the search terms you used.
- "text analysis what initiates social outrage"
Was the paper peer reviewed? Explain how you found out.
No, it is a news article
Does the author(s) work in a university or a government-funded research institute? If so, which university or research institute? If not, where do they work?
The author is a journals and assistant editor for Slate1)https://www.linkedin.com/in/katy-waldman-17a1099
What does this tell you about their expertise? Are they an expert in the topic area?
The author is a journalist. This article appears to be the result of an investigation following the release of a paper on the research and includes comments from ethical experts.
What was the paper about?
Facebook, in association with two Universities, undertook a study to determine whether emotional contagion would spread through a social network. For the research, facebook 'filtered' the news feeds for approximately 700,000 users, removing either positive or negative words or articles from the user's feed, and monitored the impact this had on the user's own posts.
The Slate article calls into question the ethics of this type of research, most notably:
- "exposing people to something that causes psychological change", e.g. deliberately making thousands of people sad
- the lack of informed consent from users for facebook to modify the emotional balance of their news feed
- a lack of analysis or discussion of the potential risks of such a study on a large population.
If applicable, is this paper similar to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?
If applicable, is this paper different to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?
What do these similarities and differences suggest? What are your observations? Do you have any new ideas? Do you have any conclusions?
This article presents a real-world, large-scale example of the risks associated with manipulating information which people are fed, and outlines some key considerations which should be undertaken prior to such an experiment.
This question is to be answered after your critical analysis is completed. Which sections (if any) of your critical analysis was this paper cited in?
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